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Taj Mahal- Agra, India

World Seventh Wonder
Taj Mahal was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
Architect-Ustad Ahmed Lahauri was the head architect who design the Taj Mahal.



Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan, who was initially named as Prince Khurram was the son of Jahangir, who was the fourth Mughal emperor of India. Jahangir was the grandson of Emperor Akbar the Great who is considered as one of the finest Mughal emperors from the Mughal dynasty

There is the tomb of his wife Mumtaz Mahal along with Shah Jahan. The tomb is the centre of a 17-hectare complex, which includes a Mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens.

The cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal lies in below the main dome. It is an elaborate tomb which is surrounded by an well designed marble screen inlaid with various types of semi-precious stones, offsetting the proportion of the Taj. These tombs are false tombs as the actual tombs of Mumtaz Mahal, and Shah Jahan lies in a locked room below the main chamber.

Construction of the tomb was essentially completed in 1643, but work continued on other phases of the Taj Mahal for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal is believed to be completed in 1653.

The construction of Taj Mahal was done by around 20,000 artisans. The Taj Mahal is the seventh wonders of the world. Every year visitors numbering getting increased which pass through it to catch a glimpse of this spectacular monument.

The Taj Mahal was constructed using white marble obtained from Makrana in Rajasthan. The precious and semi-precious stones were used which ranged to a variety of around 27 different types. These stones were arranged from far countries Sri Lanka, Tibet, China and even several places in India.

The Taj Mahal can be access through east, west and south gates. The monument stands on a high marble platform at the northern end of the garden, facing its back to the Yamuna River. Taj Mahal is build by the semi-translucent white marble and thousands of semi-precious stones and carved with flowers.

The four identical faces of the Taj are in perfect symmetry, The whole construction is topped off by four small domes. The tomb is in a rectangular shape and can be approached through a huge gateway which has an arch and alcoves on either side of it. There are water channels and fountains in the entrance of the building which makes the monument even more impressive.

Taj Mahal appear to be of a various beautiful colour at the different time of the day from pinkish in the morning, milky white in the day time and golden when the moon shines.